Diabetes is increasing exponentially & we all need to be aware of our risk of developing the disease.
Nine out of 10 cases of Type 2 diabetes are linked to poor diet, lack of exercise and obesity. We’ve all heard how being overweight can make us a target, but it’s not the only factor.
Answer these questions, add up your points and see if your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes is low, moderate or high so you can get help before it’s a problem
Or male 2pts
According to a study, men aged 35-54 are almost twice as likely to develop diabetes
Under 49 1pt
Over-50s are more at risk. Scientists believe it’s because as cells age, the mitochondria (their power plants) stops absorbing insulin as well as before
Measure around your waist in inches. Is it…
Under 35.3in 1pt
Over 43 4pts
Fat around the tummy releases chemicals that can upset the body’s systems. Women with a waist of more than 31.5 inches (80 cm) are at high risk; for men it’s more than 35 inches (90 cms)
4: BODY MASS INDEX (BMI)
It is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters square.
Under 25 1pt
25 – 29.9 2pts
30 – 34.9 3pts
Over 35 4pts
Being overweight or obese puts you at higher risk. Research suggests anyone with a BMI above 30 is particularly at risk. The obese are seven times more likely than someone with a healthy BMI to develop Type 2 diabetes because fat cells make hormones that reduce insulin’s effects. Reducing your body weight by just 5% could cut your risk by more than 50%
5: ETHNIC GROUP
What’s your ethnicity?
White European 1pt
Africans, South Asians and Chinese are most at risk — people from South Asian communities can be six times more likely to get diabetes
Does one of your parents, siblings or children have diabetes?
We share genetic flaws with our close family. A child who has a parent with Type 2 diabetes has about a one in three chance of developing it.
7: BLOOD PRESSURE
Have you ever had high blood pressure?
Almost half of diabetes sufferers have high blood pressure. This can also lead to a higher risk of stroke and kidney failure.
Have you had gestational diabetes – the type which can affect you while you’re pregnant?
Pregnancy can make the level of glucose in the blood soar as the body adjusts to its new state and can’t produce enough insulin. Around 18 in every 100 pregnant women get gestational diabetes. It goes away after birth, but you are twice as likely to develop Type 2 diabetes later in life
Have you ever given birth to a baby over 10lbs?
Women, who give birth to bigger babies, are more prone to developing Type 2 diabetes
10: MENTAL HEALTH
Do you suffer from a severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or bipolar illness?
Researchers have yet to pinpoint the link with Type 2 diabetes, but statistics show there is one. Some treatments for bipolar conditions can also raise your risk
How did you score? The total points from your answers tell you the following:
Under 14 points: You’re at low risk.
Between 14-19 points: You’re at moderate risk. Keep an eye on the risk factors.
More than 20 points: You are typically at a higher risk of Type 2 diabetes.